Tuyuqgrand canyon is the most mysterious area in the
western part of china.It is the The Holy Land of Mingling Civilization
that multi-religious and multi historical culture had been combined
here. Today we can still see the Tuyuq thousand Buddha caves and Tuyuq
Hoja Mazar Mosque. They are the evidence of the history and mixture
of the different culture in Turpan area. Tuyuq valley has been formally
named The most famous china historical ancient village. It is the most
ancient Uygur village among the existent Uygur ancient villages in Xinjiang
province.It has more than 1700 years old history and still remain the
most primitive and ancient folk-custom, It can be called ¡ °
8living fossil of folk-custom¡ ±
0. The age-old adobe architecturestill reflects the highlight of the adobe cultural.
It is the holy area for Muslims from home and abroad. It also the posthouse
for the scholar who belong to the fields of history of religion and
art of culture to stop over along ancient silk road. It is also homestead
for drawer and photographer to entrust dream.Tuyuq grand canyon folk
customs Cultural Tourism Zone was called Dinggu in the ancient times.This
placve has become celebrated as its sinister,severe,odd,secluded¡ £ It
constitute of view of canyon,Thousand Buddha caves,Mazar and mosque,ancient
Ugyur villages 4 parts.
¡ ¡ ¡ The view of the Tuyuq grand canyon.
The starting point of the canyon is located Subeixi ancient ruins beside
national highwayNo312 to the north and ending point of the canyon is
located at Mazar village to the south. The whole canyon is about 8 kilometers
long.Average width is about 1 kilometer.
Subeixi culture ruisn is one of the Xinjiang¡ ¯
(s three biggest ancient culture. The highest peaks of the flaming mountians
are situated in the canyon,which is 831.7meters.The grand canyon cut
the flaming mountians from north to south longitudinally.One can clearly
see the topography of the mountains peaks with clear distinction on
colors. It is amazing that the uncanny workmanship were made by natures.
Walking along the canyon one can appreciate Mystical and majesty scene
of the canyon. The canyon can be described as sinister of the peaks,
odd mountains, imposing rocks, beautiful mountain color, elegant stream,
and sweet fruits. All of this together make a wonderful canyon that
other canyon normally do not have in the world.
Tuyuq thousand Buddha caves.
The ThousnadBuddha caves is located at the middle section of the Grand
Canyon, It was built in the period of Jin dynasty with 16 kingdom era..
It is one of the three biggest famous thousand caevs in Xinjiang. It
is the first groups of protected cultural unitt that has been listed
as provincial level in Xinjiang.Tuyuq thousand Buddha caves is one of
the heftily place of Buddhism that the highest hierarchy of Gaochang
Kingdom handled with all their strength.By the time to the Tang dynasty,
the caves that located on the two sides of grand canyon have been further
developed. The art of The Buddhism painting that agglomerated in the
caves had been developed to a brand-newperiod.According to the record
that has been excavated from Mogao caves in Dunhuang, Tuyuq area was
a wonderland at that time. A book called Picture scripture of Western
prefecture depicted like this:There are many temples ring upon ring
along the mountains. The temple clung to the precipitous cliffs at its
back. There are streams that flow to the foot of cliffs..Greeneryare
everywhere there are many Buddhist caves and meditation caves.Buddhism
Music reverberated in the valley. Incense burning are everbearing.Ambulatory
monks swarmed here.One cannot see sun and moon when walking in the valley.
Since the Caves have been built for more than 1700 years,it had undergone
two phases in which the cave had been damaged by human and damaged by
natural collapsing. There are totaling 94 extant caves,46 of them that
has been numbered.Only 8 caves remains the fragmentary murals. The murals
and paintings that had been lukily preserved still has revealed elegant
of ancient civilization up to the present days.It has attracted attention
of specialists and academician from all over the world, whose major
is to study the history of Buddhism and art of Buddhism. It is the historical
evidence and practical material to research the history of Buddhism
writing, and history of Buddhism beaux-arts.history of ancient architecture.
Tuyuq thousand caves called Dinggu temple in the ancient times. It is
the caves in Turpan area that were built more earlier. It is also the
area in Turpan that the murals in the earlier stage had been preserved
much more than other places in Turpan area. The earliest caves appeared
during JIn dynasty and 16 Kingdon era.The most prosperous period was
when Ququshi families ruled Turpan during (443AD-450AD). Due to foreign
invasion and factitious breakage,more than 90 percnet of murals had
been completely depredated and damaged.Now there are only 8 caves that
still remains a little murals inscribed in Ugyur languages. Among them,
No1 and 2 3,4, caved are the only place in china one can see the paining
dipcted about Buddha sitting in the barbarian¡ ¯
(bed. Here is place where the remnant of Buddhism scriptures were excavated.