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Jade river in Hotan Xinjiang Jade road



Kunlun mountain is the backbonde of the asia that produce the world best quality white jade
   

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I have another article about Jade road in Xinjiang you can see it here http://www.silkroadguide.com/xinjiang-jade-road.php So The jade road has much more history thatn silk road. What is actually jade road in Xinjiang silk road china. Most of the travel agent will arrange you to silk road. but I recomend you should go to the Jade road becuase only jade road that you can bring your memoryies back to the ancient times as if you were another planet and everything will be secluded and desolation, On the jade you will also see the China Jade mountains Kunlun mountians that produces world best quality white Jade. I will write and translate more jade article for the people around the people to knwo more about jade road in our province.Jade road is located on the southern Xinjiang south fringe of the Taklamakan desert. Why donot you go to Jade road instead of silk road becuase Jade is more valuable than silk. Jade is extremly important for chinese ancient civilization.
The jade of Xinjiang stands out among the varieties produced in China and the jade of Hotan in particular has an excellent reputa-tion. According to the Qing Illustrated Records of Xinjiang, Hotan jade comes in a variety of colors, dark purple, yellow, blue-green, green, black and white. The white jade of Hotan is renowned both within China and abroad. In ancient times, too, a Western Han writer praised it as "perfection," and the imperial tribute of jade sent from Xinjiang was often selected from the highest quality white jade. It was also known as "muttonfat jade" in the past because ofits fine smooth texture, and even, pure color. References to Hotan jade abound in historical records, dating as far back as 2,000 years or more. Although the earliest records may not be entirely reliable, we can infer from them that even at that time people were aware that the region of the Kunlun Mountains was rich in jade. Later periods of history provide many more verifiable mentions of Hotan jade. A history of the Tang Dynasty, the Jiu Tang Shu, compiled during the Later Jin between 940 and 945, says of the ancient state of Yutian (now Hotan): "It produces beautiful jade and, in the sixth year of the reign of Emperor Taizong (632), sent envoys with gifts of jade in response to a special imperial edict." More information is given in the Ming Shi, a history of the ~ing Dynasty compiled in the early Qinq Dynasty, which reports: "East of Yutian there is the White Jade River, in the west flows the
Green Jade River, and further westwards one comes to the Black Jade River. All three have their sources in the Kunlun Mountains. At night, the natives, seeing the moonlight shimmering on the water, leap into the rivers to capture it, thinking it must be beautiful jade." These three rivers are nowadays known as the Yurungkax River, the Hotan River and the Karakax River respectively. In addition, a vivid and comprehensive survey can be found in an agricultural and handicraft handbook, dating from the end of the Ming Dynasty, which sets out the history, distinctive features, methods of extraction and so on of Hotan jade. The accuracy of the information given in these ancient books when checked against the jade produced in Hotan today is quite astonishing. The major deposits of Hotan jade are tucked away deep within the lofty Kunlun and Karakorum mountain ranges, and largely inaccessible to people in the past. Instead the ancients had to seek the precious stone at the foot of the mountains and in the adjacent plains. Every summer torrents of water would thunder down from the mountains, carrying lumps of rough jade along with it. The people living alongside the rivers would wait until August or Sep-tember when the waters abated, and then sort out the jade from the pebbles dredged up from the river. During the Qing Dynasty, when the search for jade was at its height, a group of merchants employed a local laborforce to go into the Kunlun Mountains and dig for jade. By the end of the Republican period (1912-1949), several mine-shafts had already been sunk in the jade producing area deep within the' mountains of Yutian County from which the traders were reaping huge profits, and Xinjiang's first generation of jade miners' had appeared. Historically, most of the jade from Xinjiang was sent as tribute to the imperial court or entered China through trade. The Wu Dai Shi or History of the Five Dynasties (907-960) notes that the King of Yurian sent the military-governor "a thousand catties of jade, as well as jade seals and exorcising tokens" in addition to other gifts as tribute for the Later Jin emperor Shi Jingtang (937-942). Precious jade continued to be sent as imperial tribute yearly during the reign of the Song emperor Huizong (1101-1119), and sometimes even twice a year, until it reached its highest level during the Qing Dynasty. During the reign of the Emperor Jiaqing (1796-1821), Hotan sent three large lumps of jade, weighing 6,000, 8,000 and 10,000 catties respectively (a catty is about half a kilogram). But because of the precariousness of the Qing government at that time, shipment was halted en route and the massive jade lumps were left lying at Ushtala. The huge jade carving now kept in Beijing's Palace Museum was carved from a 10,000-catty lump of greenish-white Hotan jade sent as a gift to the Qing emperor Qianlong. 'Trade in jade between China and Xinjiang is also mentioned many times in historical records. After 1949, the state paid great attention to exploiting Xinjiang's jade resources, and the first state-owned jade mine was set up in Yutian County in 1957. In the 1970s it was joined by the Qarqan White Jade Mine and the Manas Green Jade Mine, which, using mechanized extraction methods and up-to-date transport equip-ment, mine large amounts of jade in the wild and inaccessible mountains. The government also established a special jade purchas-ing station to buy jade dredged or mined by the local people at a high price. Hotan alone has increased its yearly jade output by over tenfold since Liberation, and nowadays more than fifty jade-carving factories use jade from Xinjiang. In Xinjiang jade has been carved since ancient times. For a long time before 1949, the jade-carving craftworkers of Hotan used ordinary red sand and a foot-operated grinding machine to carve and ijolish simple jade articles and ornaments. After Liberation, light industry departments organized itinerant craftworkers and set up a jade carvers co-operative in Hotan, the first of its kind in\Xinjiang. In the early 1960s, the first jade-carving factory was started in Urumqi, producing all kinds of jade articles. Ornamental jade pieces, including jewellery, are greatly appreciated by Chinese and foreign visitors to Xinjiang alike, and there are never enough jadecarvings to meet the demand. From this it appears that the craft of jade carving in Xinjiang has bright prospects. So my aarnagment for Jade silk road can be viewed here http://www.silkroadguide.com/xinjiang-tour-guide.php The road to the north of the Taklamakan is called Middle silk road in Xinjiang and the road to south of the Taklamakan desert is called Southern silk road but actually the Southern Silk Road is the Jade road that has the history more than 6000 years and This road is the road that can be extaned to todays Iraq Baghdad.